-David Yochimowitz-

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David Yochimowitz

David Isaevich Yohimovich (Rus.: Давид Исаевич Иохимович), aka D.Zolotov; December 3rd 1917, Irkutsk, Russia – May 7th 1990, Novosibirsk, USSR – soviet author, member of USSR Union of Writers and USSR Union of Journalists, honored cultural worker of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (aka RSFSR).

Born December 3rd 1917
Place of birth Irkutsk, RSFSR
Died May 7th 1990 (age 72)
Resting place Novosibirsk, USSR
Nationality USSR
Occupation Journalist, writer
Genre Novels, short stories, essays, feuilletons, journalism
Language Russian
Honors Order of the Red Star, Order of the Patriotic War, Honoured Cultural Worker of the RSFSR

Biography

He was born 3.12.1917 in Irkutsk, where his parents met. They both came to Irkutsk almost simultaneously at the beginning of 20th century. His father Itsko-Meir Lazer (Isai Lazarevich) Yohimovich came from Poland, and his mother Heniya Hershevna (Anna Grigorievna) Selector – from Ukraine. The family moved to Novosibirsk in 1929.

In 1936 David graduated from school № 50 in Novosibirsk, and in 1938 was sent to USSR National Institute of Journalism. But in the same year, the institute was closed (by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from April 16, 1938). He received his degrees – in education and political science – after WWII , graduating from Higher Communist Party School and Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University (majoring in history and philology).

During WWII

David Yohimovich took active part at the battles. In June 1941 he was recruited (volunteered) to the Red Army and sent to Tomsk for training at the artillery school. Upon completing his training at the beginning of 1942 Yohimovich was sent to the Western Front. He was deputy commander for the combat unit of the 5th howitzer battery (296th howitzer artillery regiment of the 1st howitzer artillery brigade of the 3rd artillery division of the High Command Reserve). In June 19th 1943, during the Battle of Kursk, the commander of the fire platoon of the battery, Lieutenant Yohimovich was gravely wounded. Air bomb shrapnel entered his right temple and both arms. A piece of shrapnel pierced his helmet and penetrated his temple, but David Yohimovich survived. The shrapnel has stayed in his head for 20 years and was only taken out at the summer of 1963.

For that battle D. Yohimovich was awarded The Order of the Red Star:

“Comrade Yohimovich proved to be a brave and courageous commander in a battle against German occupiers.

Facing direct fire, his platoon repelled counterattacks by infantry and enemy tanks, the platoon destroyed three machine-gun points that hindered the advance of our infantry, up to a platoon of machine gunners, dispersed and partially destroyed up to a company of enemy infantry. Being seriously wounded, he did not resign as platoon commander until the counterattack was repelled.”

Soon after his injury Senior Lieutenant Yohimovich was discharged from the army. In January 1944 he became a journalist for “Krasnoarmeiskaya Zvezda” newspaper of Siberian Military District.

He joined the Communist party in 1943.

Writing

David Yohimovich started writing and publishing while still in high school. His articles, reports, reviews and essays were published in “Krasnaya Sibiryachka” magazine and several newspapers, such as “Sovietskaya Sibir”, Yunniy Leninets”, “Novosibirskiy Rabochiy”. He was a child reporter for Siberian Children Magazine (later renamed as “Tovarish”).

As early as 1932 David Yohimovich attended the West Siberian Regional Energy Congress as a reporter for “Bolshevistskaya Smena” newspaper (later renamed as “Molodost Sibiri”).

From 1936 and until Germans invaded USSR in 1942 D. Yohimovich managed to gain vast journalistic experience, working both on the radio and in various newspapers. He was a literary editor, executive editor of the literary and dramatic broadcasting of the Novosibirsk Regional Committee for Radio and Broadcasting (1937-1938), special correspondent for “Poslednie Izvestiya” in Tomsky district of Novosibirsk region.

In addition, he was resident correspondent for the newspaper "Sovietskoe Iskusstvo", a correspondent for the newspapers "Bolshevistskaya Smena", "Uniy Leninist", "Medicinsky Rabotnik" (in the Novosibirsk Region and Altai Territory), several central newspapers in Western Siberia, a freelance literary employee of the newspaper "Sovietskaya Sibir ".

Working for TASS (Russian federal news agency)

On June 6 1944 he started working for TASS. At the fall of 1944 he also became a freelance reporter for Sovinformburo (Soviet Information Bureau) , and in December 1st he was accepted as a resident correspondent, concurrently. In TASS he was a reporter for Novosibirsk region, starting from 1965 – TASS resident correspondent for Novosibirsk and Tomsk regions, from 1976 to 1986 – resident correspondent for Novosibirsk region and later became a head of regional TASS center in Novosibirsk. In addition to that, he worked as TASS reporter for Akademgorodok ("Academic Town") in Novosibirsk.

In 1953, David Yohimovich started operating part-time TASS correspondents’ centers in the Tatar and Barabinsky districts of Novosibirsk region.

In addition to working for TASS, David Yohimovich have been publishing essays and feuilletons in big newspapers and magazines, such as “Izvestiya”, “Pravda”, “Literaturnaya Zhyzn’ “, “Literaturnaya Gazeta”, “Krokodil”, “Sibirskie Ogni”.

In 1957 he wrote his first book, “Kiriya Baev Bravery”, in collaboration with A.Golenkova.

In 1959, his play “More Precious than Life” written in collaboration with M. S. Ombysh-Kuznetsov, was staged at the Novosibirsk Youth Theater.

Pen names

David Yohimovich has been publishing both under his own name and under a pen name D. Zolotov. Prior to the war he sometimes used the pen names David Storm and Shamil, and at early 50’s –D. Davidov.

Awards and titles

The Order of the Red Star – “for the exemplary performance of the combat missions fight against the German invaders and exhibiting valor and courage in the process” (1943)

Order of the Patriotic War 1st class (1985)

Honored cultural worker of RSFSR (1968)

Family

Daughter - Elena Yohimovich, principal of children’s art school №23, honored cultural worker of Russian Federation (2008)

Grandson – Ilya (Eliyahu) Yohimovich - mass spectacles coordinator, graduated from Novosibirsk State Theatre University (theater and movie actor) and Humanities Institute at Novosibirsk State University, founder of the David Zolotov Literary and Journalistic Competition for children and youth.

Memory

A memorial plaque on the house where he used to live since 1963 till 1990 - № 50 Lenin street (installed in 2004).

In 2005, an open urban literary competition for youth in memory of David Zolotov (David Yohimovich) took place in Novosibirsk.

In 2013, his relatives handed over to the State Archives of the Novosibirsk Region the writer's personal documents: working materials for the preparation of TASS messages, printed publications, feuilletons, essays, interviews with war veterans, snippets of Novosibirsk radio news, etc.